segunda-feira, 11 de junho de 2018


Extract for Swan Lake
Extract for Swan Lake
Listen to the extract from our story Swan Lake. It is just under four minutes long. You can also read along with the text, and answer the questions at the end. The passage is about Prince Siegfried.
That evening, he was greeted by mouths that were toothy and grinning, others that were delicate and demure, and still others that were luscious and red. He could choose from eyes that were feline green, chocolate brown, sky blue, or owl grey. There certainly was no shortage of princesses in all shapes sizes and complexions. But the whole situation seemed to him quite unbearable. Even a prince cannot be pressured into falling in love right on cue. As darkness fell, he slipped away from the crowd and retrieved his horse. By the time his birthday fireworks were lighting up the sky, he had reached the edge of the forest.
Very little light from the stars of the moon came through the canopy of trees, but he and his horse knew the track well. They trod carefully, but he may have taken a different turning from usual, because he soon came across an unfamiliar clearing in the forest, which, as he soon found, opened up onto a lake. The prince sat down on a tree stump not far from the water’s edge and listened to the gentle lapping of the waves. His thumb stroked the silver handle of his crossbow. When a group of swans came gliding across the moonlit water, he recalled that swans are said to mate for life. That, he thought, is because their love is natural and sincere. No-one tells a swan when he or she is supposed to marry.
One of the swans rose out of the water onto the bank, where she stretched her long neck and flapped her wings. Prince Siegfried raised his crossbow and took aim. His finger felt the trigger, but although hunting was one of the keenest pleasures of his gilded life, he could not bring himself to shoot a creature so peaceful and beautiful. He lowered the weapon and put it on the mossy ground beside him. As he did so, his eyes grew a little misty.
Now, he saw that that a star was shining directly onto the swan. But she was no longer quite a swan. Her feathers were fading, and she was undergoing some sort of magical moonlit transformation. He stood up and walked towards the remarkable vision. By the time he reached the spot where she stood, she was more woman than a swan, and then she fell gently backwards into his arms.
Comprehension Questions
1) What celebration is taking place on the day that the passage describes?
2) Why is Prince Siegfried upset at the start of the passage?
3) What does Prince Siegfried admire about the swans?
4) Describe the emotions of Prince Siegfried when he sees the swans.
5) What do you understand by the phrase, "magical, moonlit transformation"?
Vocabulary and Grammar
1) “That evening, he was greeted by mouths that were toothy and grinning, others that were delicate and demure, and still others that were luscious and red.”
What is another word for “demure”?
a) fine
b) modest
c) beautiful
d) soft
2) “Even a prince cannot be pressured X falling in love right on cue.”
What is the missing word?
a) into
b) for
c) toward
d) with
3)”When a group of swans came gliding across the moonlit water, he recalled that swans are said to X for life.”
What is the missing word? (hint: the most correct word for animals and birds)
a) marry
b) mate
c) befriend
d) engage
4) “Although hunting was one of the keenest pleasures of his gilded life, he X not bring himself to shoot a creature so peaceful and beautiful.”
What is the missing word?
a) can
b) could
c) will
d) does
5)”Her feathers were fading, and she was X some sort of magical moonlit transformation.”
What is the missing word?
a) going
b) undergoing
c) over-going
d) through-going

Do you think people should marry for love only? Or do you think they should consider other things, such as the opinion of parents, age, social background, religion, and money. Write a short essay and try to consider both sides of the argument.
Describe a ballerina dancing like a swan. Describe her costume, the stage scene, the movement of her arms and feet, and the music. If you need inspiration search for a video of "Swan Lake" on a site like YouTube, or listen to the song that goes with this passage.

sábado, 9 de junho de 2018

Hi,People. It's the time for the World Cup.Let's learn a little about Russian Culture.

                                                                                                                   Resultado de imagem para símbolo ca copa do mundo 2018
Things NOT to Do in Russia
Whenever you’re traveling to a new destination, it’s important to research local customs before you go. Russia is no exception, especially because the local people tend to be very superstitious and you wouldn’t want to do anything that signifies bad luck.  In Russia, the most important – don’t refuse vodka!
1. Don’t Shake Hands With Your Gloves On Unless You Want to Insult the Person You’re Meeting

It is considered extremely impolite to leave your gloves on while greeting someone with a handshake. So make sure you remove your gloves before any interaction occurs. Also, never shake hands over a threshold as Russians see this as bad luck. They’ll expect an argument to be the outcome of your conversation if you shake hands in a doorway.


2.. Whatever You Do, Never, Ever Tell a Joke About a Russian Person’s Mama
Many jokes you’ll hear in Russia will not be considered politically correct as gender, race, religion and politics-based laughs are not off limits. However, never make fun of someone else’s family member as this is seen as very disrespectful and insulting.
3. Don’t Disrespect the Elderly Unless you Want to Invoke the Wrath of Several Much Younger, Much Stronger People
Like with many countries, respecting the elderly is an important part of the family culture. Giving up your seat on a bus or a train for an elderly person or pregnant woman is a sign of respect. In certain countries, some may be offended by this privilege, but in Russia it is expected to offer your seat to someone in need.
4. If You Invite Someone Out to Eat, Don’t Expect Them to Pick Up Their Half of the Tab
When dining out, the host is expected to pay the entire bill, as going “Dutch” is considered rude. Also, the tradition of a man covering all expenses when with a female companion is definitely still upheld in Russia.
5. Don’t Ever Give a Gift of an Empty Wallet … That’s Actually Just a Good Life Rule
Russians believe that giving a gift of an empty wallet or purse is bad luck. They see it as wishing financial hardship or poverty on the receiver of the gift. So, make sure you put a little something special inside if you’re giving a lover or friend a new money holder.
6. Don’t Expect A Lady To Carry Her Bags, Which Is Another Good Life Rule While We’re At It
In Russia, distinct gender roles still exist. Men are expected to act chivalrously – offering a hand to woman getting off of a bus, opening car doors, assisting with heavy lifting. But it has nothing to do with a lack of feminism in the country. Their women are strong, but most Russian men just believe that lending a hand is a simple act of politeness.
7. The Russians Reserve Happiness for Important Things, So Don’t Smile Without a Reason
Russians reserve smiling for their friends and family members. So don’t randomly smile at strangers while you’re riding on public transportation or shopping in Moscow. Russians have a saying, “To smile with no reason, is a sign of a fool.”
8. Don’t Show Up Empty Handed, You Stingy Jerk
If you’re invited over to someone’s house for a dinner or a visit, it is considered very rude to show up empty handed. Bring a small gift – a bottle of wine, flowers, dessert or small toy for the children. Russians take pride in preparing elaborate meals for their guests and showing up without a small token of appreciation is a sign that you don’t care.
9. Get Comfortable, Grab a Drink, and Don’t Leave Your Shoes On
Whenever entering a Russian home it is proper custom to remove your shoes. Many homes are decorated with expensive Persian rugs that are difficult to clean. Some hosts may offer tapochki (slippers) for you to put on. At nice parties, some women may bring an extra pair of heels or shoes for inside use.
10. Don’t Sit at the Corner of the Table Unless You Want to Live an Existence Doomed to Utter Loneliness
This is another Russian superstition. It is advised that you never sit at the corner of the dining table, especially if you’re a young woman. It is said that “the one who chooses a seat at the corner of a table is
11. Don’t Whistle Indoors Unless You Want to Invite Disaster Into Your Life
Like many Asian cultures, whistling indoors in Russia is considered bad luck. Russians are very superstitious and believe that whistling inside may cause financial ruin, poverty, or another invasion of cockroaches.
12. Get Ready to Cowboy Up When You Enter a Home; Don’t Refuse a Shot
It is true that many Russians can drink, but not all Russians are heavy drinkers. Most keep one bottle of vodka in their homes at all times for celebrations and random visitors. If you’re offered a shot of vodka don’t refuse it, because sharing a drink is considered a sign of hospitality. Russians don’t see one shot as a big deal, so to them a refusal comes off as untrusting or turning down friendship.

13.. For Superstition’s Sake, Don’t Keep Empty Bottles on the Table (It’s Also Just Sloppy)
If you’re drinking in a Russian home, leaving an empty liquor bottle on the table is considered to be bad luck. Once the bottle has been drunk, it is best to put it on the floor or throw it out before the next bottle is served. It’s also recommended that you keep your change and keys off the table as well. These are all bad omens of financial loss and tears.
14. This Isn’t Denny’s on a Sunday Morning, So Don’t Slack in the Style Department
Russians dress very well. Men and women alike love to dress up even for informal occasions like grocery shopping or going to the bank. You’ll hardly ever see a Russian woman on the street without a full set of makeup and sky-high heels. So, the next time you’re in Russia, up your style standards.

segunda-feira, 23 de abril de 2018

Collocatios. Take and Have - Group 300

have, take
We often use common verbs like have and take with nouns like a showera drink:
took a shower. = I showered.
She had a drink. = She drank something.
I took a cold shower.
She had a nicerefreshing drink.
The verbs used most frequently in this way are:
have     take     make     give
We use have with:
Food and drink: a meal, breakfast, lunch, dinner, a snack, a cup of tea
Talking: a chat, a conversation, a discussion, a talk
Washing: a bath, a shower, a wash, a scrub
Resting: a break, a holiday, a rest
Disagreeing: an argument, a dispute, a fight, a quarrel
had a good breakfast before I left home.
We had a long talk about the problem.
The kids should have a bath before they go to bed.
She generally had a short holiday in July or August.
They had a serious quarrel about their father’s will.
We also use have with nouns formed from verbs:
I think you should have a look at this.
She had a bite of the cake.
I’m thirsty. I’m going to have a drink of water.
had a listen to that new CD in the car.
They are going to have a swim.
We use take with:
Washing: a bath, a shower, a wash
Resting: a break, a holiday, a rest
I always take a cold shower in the morning.
You look tired. You need to take a break.
and with these words:
a turn
a chance
a decision
care of
the trouble
a risk
a photograph
We took hundreds of photographs on holiday.

 Teacher Valderez English Activities

take a bath/shower  example:  I like to take showers in the mornings and baths in the evening.
take a bit example: I took a bite of the sandwich when I noticed it has tomatoes which I’m allergic to.
take a break example: I have been studying for five hours, I need to take a break.
take a bus example: John takes the bus to get to school.
 take a look example: Take a look at this dress, I want to wear it to prom.
 take a minute (ten minutes) example: It will take ten minutes for me to get there.
 take a nap example:  I didn’t sleep very well last night, I need to take a nap.
 take a photo example: Can you take a photo of us?
 take a phone call :example: Greg, I will take this phone call in my office.
 take a seat  example: Maggie take a seat and I’ll be right with you.
 take a walk example: The weather is great, we should take a walk.
 take action example: The city needs to take action and fight against crime.
 take advantage example: I take advantage of the fact that my friend works in a clothes boutique.
 take care example: Take care of yourself or you’ll get sick again.
 take charge: example: The deputy took charge in the case of the robbery.
 take notes example: Mary always takes notes during classes.
 take one’s breath away example: When I saw her, she took my breath away.
 take responsibility example: You need to take responsibility for your actions.
 1. I’m tired. I’m going to ___________________________. 2. Ow, my head hurts! I ___________________________. I need to take an aspirin. 3. You should drive safely or you might ___________________________. 4. Thomas isn’t hungry because he already ___________________________ an hour ago. 5. You should see this strange spider I found! Come here and ___________________________. 6. I didn’t ___________________________ yesterday. I had a shower instead. 7. It was Sue’s birthday so we decided to surprise her. We ___________________________. 8. I love to ___________________________ each morning. It helps to wake me up. 9. If you ___________________________, you can ask me for help. 10. We ___________________________ on our holiday … a terrible time, really. It rained for a week. 11. I can’t see you at 3 o’clock. I ___________________________ with my boss at that time.

sexta-feira, 13 de abril de 2018

Hi,People. Here you are. Let's improve even more our English?

 Discourse markers are essentially linking words. They show how one piece of conversation is connected to another piece of conversation
Discourse markers  ( reinforce one idea  /  contrast ideas )
For example:
 Mum: “So, how was school today Dylan?”
 Dylan: “Oh, it was ok. You know, that Tom is so rude.”
Mum: “Really? Why do you say that?”
Dylan: “Wellfirstly he stole my apple at lunch and wouldn’t give it back. Then he called me names and wouldn’t let me have a turn on the computer.”
Mum: “No way? That’s not kind. The thing is Dylan, he’s a bit of a bully. If I were you, I’d try to ignore him as much as you can or tell the teacher if he’s being really bad.
Discourse markers organise what we say and write.
Discourse markers are words or phrases like anyway, right, okay, as I say, to begin with. We use them to connect, organise and manage what we say or write or to express attitude:
[friends are talking]
A-So, I’ve decided I’m going to go to the bank and ask for a car loan.
B:That sounds like a good idea.
C:Well, you need a car.
A:Anyway, I was wondering if either of you would teach me how to drive.
The discourse markers in this extract have a number of uses:so marks the beginning of a new part of the conversation.
well marks a change in the focus (from getting a car loan to needing a car).
right marks a response (B is agreeing with C).
anyway marks a shift in topic (from buying a new car to having driving lessons).
Some Discourse Makers: anyway, like, right, you know, now, so, I mean, well, as I say, great, okay, mind you,for a start...
In writing, the following discourse markers are common: , firstly ,in addition ,moreover, on the other hand, secondly, in conclusion, on the one hand, to begin with, thirdly ,in sum
We use different discourse markers in speaking and writing. In speaking, the following discourse markers are very common: firstly, in addition, moreover, on the other hand, secondly, in conclusion, on the one hand ,to begin with, thirdly, in sum

on the other hand
at least

1. I had a terrible day at work and lost my umbrella too.  I spoke to that nice guy who works in the coffee shop at last
2. Television turns people into lazy couch potatoes.  , there are some educational programmes on.
3.  , I would like to welcome you all to the conference today.
4.  the film was a little boring, we still had a nice evening out.
5. I've always known Caroline as a mean person.  , she lent me $10 yesterday without me having to ask twice!
6. I got up at 9 o'clock yesterday and had a cold shower.  , I had breakfast and left for work.
7. My brother works in a large office  I work on my own at home.
8. Why do you think I don't want to go out tonight.  , I would be delighted to get out of the house.
9. You should go to university as it gives you a chance to meet so many new people. , it gives you the chance to get important qualifications and get a better job.
10. I don't want to go to the football game. Football bores me and I don't want to pay $40 for a ticket.  , look at the weather! All that rain!


segunda-feira, 9 de abril de 2018

PREFIXES AND SUFIXES Groups 302 to 305
Prefixes prefix is a set of letters that is added to the beginning of a word to change its meaning. Each prefix has a general meaning, so you will be able to understand what a word with a prefix means more easily. Let's look at an example.
The first man looks very friendly! I think it would be nice to spend time with him.
The second man looks 
unfriendly. I don't think it would be much fun to spend time with him!
We can see in the second sentence that we added the prefix "un-" to the word "friendly." This prefix "un-" means "not" or "the opposite of."

Here are more examples with the prefix "un-":
happy ----> unhappy
finished ----> unfinished
believable ----> unbelievable
acceptable ----> unacceptabl
These words are all adjectives. We can also use the prefix "un-" with verbs
Look at these examples:
do ----> undo
plug in ----> unplug

When you see a word that begins with the prefix "un-", you can know its meaning by looking at the word's root (the part that is not the prefix or the suffix). It might be a word you already know!
be careful! Be sure you've seen the whole prefix before you decide the word's meaning. 
Look at the word below:  underdeveloped
Let's try to find the prefix. Is it "un-" as in underdeveloped? No, that doesn't sound right!
We know the word "develop," which means "to grow bigger or become more advanced." This is  the root of our word!
So, the prefix must be 
under, which means "below," "lower," or "not enough." The word underdeveloped means "not developed enough.

The table below has some common prefixes, their meaning, and an example word.

Example word
not, opposite of
in-, im-
incorrect, impossible
redo (do again)
below, lower, not enough

suffix is a set of letters that is added to the beginning of a word to change its meaning. Each suffix has a general meaning, so you will be able to understand what a word with a suffix means more easily. 
Let's look at an example.: A couple is getting married because they love each other very much.
A teddy bear is so cute and lovable!
We can see in the second sentence that we added the suffix "-able" to the word "love." This suffix "-able" means "capable of being" or "able to be." 
So, the word lovable means something is able to be loved, or it makes you feel love for it.
Here are more examples with the suffix "-able" or "-ible" (depending on the root word):
present ----> presentable
comfort ----> comfortable
depend ----> dependable
reach ----> reachable
"-able" is an example of an adjective suffix. Any time you see a word ending in "-able", it is an adjective.
Some suffixes are noun suffixes. They always make a noun. For example, "-ment" talks about an "action" or a "process":
enjoy ----> enjoyment
treat ----> treatmentgovern ----> government
Do you remember the word underdeveloped that we look at a moment ago? The root of this word is "develop."
The root is the same, but we have used the noun suffix ment, so this is the process or action of developing.
The table below has some common adjective suffixes, their meaning, and an example word.

Example word
-able, -ible
able to be
full of
not having, without

And here are some noun suffixes, their meaning, and an example word.

Example word
place or state of being
a person who does
action or process
state of being

Now that we've learned some common prefixes and suffixes, it's time to practice!
Exercise A: Prefixes
Complete the sentences by writing the correct prefix in the blank space. You can use a dictionary to help you.
dis-             -in               mis-               re-               un-               under-

1. I just can't believe it! The story is _____believable!
2. No, that answer is _____correct. It is wrong.
3. Let's look at this information again. We should _____view it before the test.
4. I saw Allison just a moment ago, but now I can't find her! It seems that she _____appeared!
5. Oh, I'm sorry, I didn't hear you correctly. I _____understood you.
6. The subway does not go over the land like a normal train. It moves _____ground.
Exercise B: Adjective suffixes
Complete the words that describe the pictures below. Use the suffixes from the list.
-able               -ful               -less1. The first woman is very tired. She wants to rest!
2.The second woman can't stay still. She always wants to move! She is rest_____.
3.The first dog isn't cute. He's a little scary_______________
4.The second dog is very cute! He's ador_____!
5 Jason writes lots of lists, so he always remembers what he has to do. He never forgets!
6.But Melanie can't remember anything! She's very forget_____!
Exercise C: Noun suffixes
Complete the sentences that describe the pictures using the correct suffix. You can use a dictionary to help you.
-dom               -er               -ment               -ness

1. I teach science in big a university. I am a physics teach_____.
2. Sir Alan is King Richard's best knight. He is brave and strong. He is the most important knight in Richard's whole king_____!     
 3. Henrietta is my best friend. She is wonderful! The best thing about her is her kind_____. She is alway
4. The kids always have fun together. They never disagree or have an argu_____.